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What Types of Debts can be Discharged in a Virginia Bankruptcy?

You just got laid off from your job. You owe hundreds of thousands of dollars in debt. You try to pay down your loans, but all you do is dig a hole deeper and deeper into debt. Should you consider bankruptcy?

Bankruptcy has helped many Virginians start over financially because it enables many of their debts to be erased for good and gives them a fresh start. However, it is important to understand that bankruptcy is not a magic cure for all your debt. While most debts can be discharged in bankruptcy, some debts will remain. Read on to learn more about how bankruptcy will affect your debts.

Types of Bankruptcy

The type of bankruptcy you choose determines the debts that can be discharged. Most consumer bankruptcy cases fall under Chapter 7 or Chapter 13.

A Chapter 7 bankruptcy is for debtors who want to wipe out their debts and have little to no excess income after monthly living expenses are paid. Ideally, to fall under this category, you have very few assets and want to get rid of unsecured debt. In a "no-asset" Chapter 7 bankruptcy case, there are no non-exempt assets to liquidate to distribute to creditors. In an "asset" Chapter 7 bankruptcy case, non-exempt assets will have to surrendered. Most of these cases are "no-asset" Chapter 7 cases. However, if you have assets to protect or you make too much money, you may still qualify for bankruptcy, but it may have to be under Chapter 13.

A Chapter 13 bankruptcy is primarily geared toward those who have a high regular income and can pay back a portion of their debt. Your debts are reorganized and a new payment plan is created for you. The good news is that you get to keep your assets.

Dischargeable Debts

You can discharge the following debts in bankruptcy:

  • Medical bills

  • Credit card debt

  • Collections accounts

  • Personal loans

  • Lawsuit judgments

  • Past due utility bills

  • Bad checks (unless resulting from fraud)

  • Deficiency balances from repossessed cars

  • Anything owed under contracts or leases

  • Car accident-related claims (except those resulting from drunk driving)

  • Certain tax debts

  • Some attorney fees

  • Social Security overpayments

  • Veterans assistance loans and overpayments

Unless a creditor challenges dischargeability, a bankruptcy will also discharge these debts:

  • Debts or creditors not listed on your bankruptcy paperwork

  • Debts caused by embezzlement or larceny

  • Debts caused by willful malicious acts causing injury to a person or property

  • Debts arising from fraud or cash advances

Non-Dischargeable Debts

The following debts can never be discharged during bankruptcy:

  • Back Child support

  • Alimony or debts related to family support

  • Fines or penalties for breaking the law including traffic fines and restitution in criminal cases

  • Income tax debts that are less than three years old and other tax debts

  • Debts for personal injury or death caused by you driving while intoxicated

  • Student loans (very rare, but hardship discharges are possible)

  • Debts arising from fraud (burden is on the creditor to prove fraud)

Considering Bankruptcy? Contact Virginia Bankruptcy Lawyers at Liberty Law Group

Are you about to lose your home? Do you feel like you are drowning in debt with no way out? Are you constantly stressed out about finances and making ends meet? If so, bankruptcy may be the answer.

The Virginia bankruptcy lawyers at Liberty Law Group can assess your situation and help you find alternatives to bankruptcy. If bankruptcy is the best course of action, we will help you with the filing. Contact us at one of our three convenient locations: Virginia Beach and Newport News at (757) 333-0599 and Richmond at (804) 381-6590.

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